What Healthy Body Really Means?
Having a healthy body does not mean a lack of disease. Rather, it is your ability to recover easily from illness or health problems. Several factors can affect your health. A healthful diet and exercise can help you achieve a healthy body and mind.
Why it is vital to have a healthy body?
Benefits of Physical Health
Maintaining a healthy body can help you live an active life and ward off any diseases. It also boosts your well-being. That is, you can enjoy having increased energy every day.
Furthermore, you can easily withstand any unusual stress and prevent infection. It also reduces the chances of suffering from a chronic disease, like diabetes and cancer. In other words, it is your best shot of prevention.
Benefits of Mental Health
Mental health is just as vital as your physical fitness. Hence, health experts prescribe appending mental exercises in your everyday routine. In this way, you can achieve a healthier body and sharper mind for many years to come.
By adding memory training exercises to your routine, you can boost the fluid intelligence that can assist you to solve new problems. In that case, you need to add meditation to your daily habits. It is a great way to treat and prevent depression. As you learn to quiet your mind, you can easily solve your problems in an untroubled manner.
As you nurture your mental health, you can combat many mental health issues related to a chronic physical disease. In fact, it may ward off a relapse of mental and physical illness.
What are the Top Diseases in these Modern Days?
1. Ischemic Heart Disease
Your body requires various things to help you keep going. Each time you breathe, oxygen gets into your lungs, blood, vessels, veins, and arteries. Most blood vessels are huge but others are small. If something blocks them, you have a problem known as ischemia.
Ischemia means that a part or parts of your body are not receiving sufficient blood and oxygen. The blockage can arise in your brain, legs and everywhere. How the blockage impacts your body will hinge on the area where you get it that can lead to heart attack, stroke and other life-threatening issues.
What are the Symptoms?
This condition does not always reveal symptoms. That’s why people have silent ischemia. Despite experiencing no pain, it can still result in a heart attack that arises out of the blue.
The symptoms, however, are based on where you have it. For example, if it is in your chest, you will feel tightness in your chest. The tightness feels like someone is stomping your chest. Chest pain is typically activated when you experience emotional stress.
Shortness of breath is another symptom. It happens because your heart has been blocked and cannot pump sufficient blood to provide your body’s daily needs.
If there is a complete blockage in your coronary artery, it causes a heart attack. The main symptom is crushing pressure in your chest. It involves pain in the arm and shoulder accompanied by shortness of breath.
What are the causes?
Any heart disease, including ischemia, starts when there is damage or injury to the coronary artery. In some cases, the blockage or injury can happen in childhood.
It can be caused by a lot of factors, such as high cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, and a sedentary lifestyle. Diabetes can also damage your artery.
The blockage arises when there are fatty deposits and cellular waste products accumulated in the site of injury. It is known as atherosclerosis. If the plaque breaks up or ruptures, your body’s platelets will repair the artery by forming a clump at the site. But the clumping can cause blockage to the artery, resulting in a heart attack.
How Ischemic Heart Disease is Treated?
Coronary artery disease requires drastic lifestyle changes. It means that any unhealthy daily habits must be stopped. When making a change in your lifestyle, you need to stop smoking. Not only that, but you must also avoid second-hand smoking.
Furthermore, eating healthy foods is a must. Focus on consuming whole foods, like grains, vegetables, and fruits. Avoid or limit your intake of saturated fat. Do not eat processed food again. Processed foods are some of the main reasons for many illnesses, including ischemia.
You need to improve blood flow to your heart. Thus, you must engage in any physical activities each day. However, do not start any exercises without first talking to your doctor. You need a safe exercise plan to boost the flow in your heart.
Since the blockage is caused by fats, you need to start losing weight to eliminate fatty deposits. The majority of overweight individuals suffer from this condition. You can maintain a healthy weight as you start eating healthy foods and engaging in physical exercises.
Most of all, you need to reduce stress. Stress is a silent killer. It contributes to everything, from hypertension to IBS to asthma. It affects several behaviors that increase heart disease risk as you choose to drink and smoke to manage the stress.
Certain medications are also prescribed. These would include cholesterol-modifying drugs, aspirin, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers, among others.
Stroke is different from a heart attack. The latter arises when there is insufficient blood flow to the heart. The former, on the other hand, occurs when there is a block in the vessels that go to the brain as it cuts blood flow to the brain.
There are different types of stroke.
It is the main cause of all strokes. It happens when there is an obstruction in the part of the vessel that supplies blood to the brain. The blockage is caused by fatty deposits.
It occurs when a vessel in your brain breaks and it spills blood in the surrounding areas. There are several types of hemorrhagic strokes.
An aneurysm is a type of hemorrhagic stroke that causes the weak blood vessel to swell out and rupture. The other type is arteriovenous malformation that involves the formation of abnormal blood vessels.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Also known as mini-stroke, it can still result in serious temporary clot. It is a warning stroke and must be taken into account seriously.
It arises when there is a clot in the area where blood flows to the brain. If you had a stroke but the cause is unknown, it is sometimes referred to as a cryptogenic stroke.
Brain stem stroke
It happens if the stroke arises in the brain stem causing you to be paralyzed from the neck down. You also cannot speak.
What are the Possible Causes of a Stroke?
The cause will depend on the type of stroke you have.
In ischemic stroke, the cause can be thrombotic or embolic. The former arises when a clot forms in the arteries that flow to the rain. It is the result of fatty deposits building up in the arteries. The build-up can cause a reduction in blood flow. The latter occurs when there is clot forming away from the brain. But it is swept through the bloodstream and stays in the narrow brain arteries.
In hemorrhagic stroke, the main cause is uncontrolled hypertension. If you are taking blood thinning medications, over-treating yourself with these drugs can also cause this type of stroke.
In Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), it is caused by a partially narrowed artery to the brain. There are no lasting symptoms. However, the risk of developing permanent tissue damage is still high.
What are the Warning Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke?
A stroke can affect your entire body. For that reason, it is vital that you act fast by getting help in an hour after the attack to ward off long-term disability or death. In the 2018 guidelines of American Health Association (AHA) and American Stroke Association (ASA), they recommended treating the patients with a blood clot-dissolving in 4.5 hours to increase chances of recovering from a major disability.
However, you need to recognize the warning signs and symptoms of a stroke.
The symptoms of stroke are unique. They can arise without any warning signs. To recognize common stroke symptoms, you should refer to the term “FAST”.
F - Face that droops or you notice that your smile is uneven.
A - Arm numbness or weakness If you can’t raise your arms or if you raise them but one or both arms drop down, then you are having a stroke.
S - Speech difficult. Slurred speech can be a warning sign of a stroke.
T - Time to act fast if you are experiencing these symptoms.
What are the Potential Complications of Stroke?
After a stroke, you will have limited mobility. As a result, you are at high risk of developing complications, like pressure sores and deep vein thrombosis. To avoid such complication, physical therapy must be conducted as soon as possible to bring back mobilization.
Patients who had a stroke may develop difficulty swallowing. If that is your case, your risk of chest infection and choking is high. A thickened diet is highly advised. To prevent complications and help in swallowing, supervised feeding is recommended. Tube feeding may be provided if it is unsafe for you to take food through the mouth. The risk of infections is also high because of aspiration or the use of tube feeding. It is recommended to eat or drink in an upright position to facilitate tube-feeding.
Falls and accidents are also likely because of weakness, imbalance, impaired senses, and visual problems. Your physical therapist may recommend modifying your house to assist you in moving around the house and preventing or reducing accidents. Your therapist may also prescribe walking devices to lower the risk of falls.
The complications of stroke do not only affect you but also your family. Your family may need to hire a caretaker to take care of you while the rest of the members of the family are working.
Furthermore, stroke can cause an economic burden because of medical care and the loss of income. In other words, your quality of life will not only be affected but also to your family.
To lessen the social impact, you may contact your healthcare team and ask about social support services that it can offer. These services can help in alleviating some of the burdens. You and your family should attend a support group to assist you in coping with the social effect of stroke.
What are the Available Treatments for Each Type of Stroke?
Since there are different types of stroke, it is vital to determine the kind of stroke you are having to identify the right treatment. Your doctor can also rule out other causes of your symptoms, like brain cancer.
The treatment requires the restoration of blood flow to the brain as quickly as possible. The use of clot-busting medication must commence within 4.5 hours. The use of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is the gold standard for this type of stroke. It dissolves the blood clot that causes the stroke.
The treatment requires bleeding control. The pressure in the brain must also be reduced. If necessary, surgery may be performed.
You may be given medicines or transfusions to counteract the effects of blood-thinning drugs you were taking. Drugs in lowering pressure in the brain are also given, along with medicines to lower blood pressure and prevention of seizures and vasospasm.
After the bleeding stops, the ongoing treatment involves support medical care. To know the right type of treatment for your case, it is vital to talk to your physician.
Diabetes happens if you have consistently high blood sugar. It occurs if your body does not produce enough insulin or it does not utilize insulin properly. As a result, glucose remains in your blood and will not reach your cells. This disease has no cure. However, you can manage it through a healthy lifestyle.
What are the Different Types of Diabetes?
In this case, your body does not produce insulin at all. The main reason is that your immune function destroys the cells in the pancreas responsible for making insulin. It can appear at any age. But it is typically diagnosed in young adults and children. To stay alive, patients must take insulin each day.
You can develop it at any age. This type of diabetes occurs if your body does not utilize or make insulin properly. It is a common type of diabetes.
It only develops in some pregnant women. After giving birth, this type of diabetes may go away. Then again, you are likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in your life.
How is Diabetes Diagnosed?
The symptoms may appear suddenly. As a result, your physician may request a test to check your blood sugar levels. The best screening test for this condition is the fasting plasma glucose (FPG). It is easier and more convenient for patients.
Having positive test results must still be confirmed. To do so, you need to undergo a fasting plasma glucose test but it will be conducted on a different day. A zinc transporter 8 auto-antibody test may be requested to determine whether or not you have a Type 1 diabetes.
What are the Complications of Diabetes?
Having consistent high glucose levels in the blood can damage your kidneys, heart, and eyes. Because of this, you are likely to develop kidney disease, dental disease, eye issues, foot problems, and nerve damage. That’s why it is vital to use the right treatment and start living a healthy lifestyle.
What are the Available Treatments?
Diabetes has no cure. The best thing that you can do is to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Healthy eating is vital. There is no such thing as a diabetes diet. However, the meal plan you need to follow is a plan that focuses on more lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables, as well as whole grains. You may need to talk to a dietitian to create a meal plan for you.
Physical activity is also a must. Exercising can help in lowering your blood sugar levels as it helps in moving the sugar into your cells to be utilized for energy.
But before you start an exercise regimen, make sure to get your doctor’s approval.
For the treatment of Type 1 diabetes, insulin injection is or an insulin pump is vital. But Type 2 diabetes requires lifestyle changes, regular monitoring of blood sugar and the use of diabetes medicines.
In Gestational diabetes, the use of insulin may be necessary. However, the typical treatment is maintaining a healthy diet and performing a regular exercise.
4. High Blood Pressure
Your blood pressure is measured by getting two numbers. The higher number is the systolic pressure. It is the highest number your blood pressure goes each time your heart beats. The lower number is the diastolic pressure. It is the lowest level that your pressure achieves when your heart is in a relaxed state.
The ideal blood pressure is between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. High blood pressure is when your measurement is 140/90mmHg or higher.
What causes High Blood Pressure?
There is no solitary cause for having high blood pressure. Scientists are still finding the definite cause of it.
However, your lifestyle can greatly affect your chances of developing it. For example, if you are eating too much salt, then you are likely to develop it.
Overweight and drinking too much alcohol will also put you at risk of this disease. And, if you are not active enough or if you are not eating sufficient fruits and vegetables, then you will like to develop high blood pressure.
Some patients may develop it as a side effect of certain drugs or it is linked with a medical condition, like kidney problems.
What are the Complications of High Blood Pressure?
If there is excessive pressure in the artery walls as a result of high blood pressure, it can damage the blood vessels and organs in your body. Having higher blood pressure for a long period of time can cause great damage to the artery walls.
There are several complications involved. One of them is a stroke. High blood pressure can thicken or harden the arteries. It can lead to stroke, heart attack and other side effects.
Another complication is an aneurysm. If you have continued high blood pressure, your blood vessels become weak. They can also swell causing the formation of an aneurysm. Now, if it ruptures, it can cause life-threatening effects.
Heart failure may also arise as a result of increased blood pressure. The reason for this is that your heart will need to work harder. As a result, the pumping chamber in your heart will thicken. Over time, the thickened muscle will have a hard time giving enough blood to meet your body’s needs, leading to heart failure.
The higher blood pressure can also cause weakening and narrowing of blood vessels in the kidneys. As a result, it prevents kidneys from working properly. It also affects the blood vessels in the eyes. The narrowed blood vessels in the eyes can lead to vision loss.
You may also develop metabolic syndrome, which is a group of disorders that affect the body’s metabolism. This condition will put you at high risk of developing diabetes and heart disease, as well as stroke.
Your ability to think will be greatly affected. The trouble with memory is said to be more common in patients with hypertension. It can also increase the likelihood of developing dementia.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause narrowing or blocking of arteries. It results in blood flow limit to the brain, which can lead to a type of dementia.
How Can High Blood Pressure Be treated?
You need to modify your lifestyle. However, you may also require to take medications regularly, depending on your blood pressure reading.
If you have a consistent blood pressure (BP) of 140/90mmHg but you are a low risk of developing other problems, you may not take some medicines. However, you must change your lifestyle.
However, if your BP is above 140/90mmHG and your risk of developing other medical issues is high, then you need to take high blood pressure medicine. You must take it regularly along with changing your lifestyle.
Lifestyle change is vital to reduce your high blood pressure. As you change your lifestyle, it may lower your blood pressure. However, for some patients, a positive result may take longer to appear.
When managing your hypertension, it is vital that you reduce your salt intake. Make sure to consume less than 6grams of salt a day. Consumption of a balanced diet is a must. This diet involves a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables. You must also limit processed foods.
Your doctor may also recommend being active. That is, you need to perform regular exercise. What exercise you can carry out will depend on your case. Your physician will make an exercise plan specific to your condition.
Then, make sure to reduce your alcohol intake and try to lose weight. You should also reduce your caffeine intake and stop smoking. And get at least 6 hours of sleep every night.
As you make these changes, you can avoid the need to take BP-lowering drugs.
Good nutrition is vital in leading a healthy life. Your diet can help you in reaching your weight goal and maintaining a healthy body and weight. As you have a healthy body, you can reduce your risk of developing chronic diseases.